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New study: "Muslim life in Germany"

First nationally representative study

The study on "Muslim life in Germany" by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees provides the first nationally representative database. It was presented to the public on the occasion of the fourth plenary meeting of the German Islam Conference on 25.06.2009 in Berlin.

With approx. 6,000 people surveyed from 49 Muslim countries of origin, it gives a comprehensive overview of Muslim life in Germany. It specifically shows the number of Muslims in Germany, the denominations, religious practice and various aspects of integration.

The study was commissioned at the instigation of working group 1 of the German Islam Conference and aims to examine and illustrate the everyday life of the Muslim population, thus making an objective contribution to the debate on Muslims in Germany.

The central findings of the study "Muslim life in Germany" are:

  • More Muslims in Germany than previously assumed: The study finds between 3.8 and 4.3 million Muslims in Germany. Around half the Muslims living in Germany with a background of migration from the countries of origin taken into account are already German nationals.
  • Shortcomings in structural integration: The study makes it clear that problems exist with structural integration with regard to, amongst other things, school-leaving qualifications and employment. It was shown here that not only do Turkish migrants come off relatively badly in terms of school education in comparison to migrants from south European labour recruitment countries and to resettlers, but also in comparison to migrants from other Muslim countries of origin. This is primarily accounted for by extremely low levels among Turkish women of the first generation of immigrants.
  • Educational advancement in the next generations: Differentiating between immigrants of the first and second generation there is evidence across all background origins that second-generation immigrants are far more likely to leave the German school system with qualifications than members of their parents' generation. This applies in particular to female Muslims. There is evidence of educational advancement here. Despite this generally identifiable educational advancement, the relatively high proportion of school leavers with no qualifications and the comparatively low number of high school graduates points to continuing deficiencies in education.
  • Social integration is better than widely assumed: More than half of Muslims aged over 16 are members of a German organisation, only 4 percent are exclusively members of an organisation related to their country of origin. The overwhelming majority of Muslim girls and boys take part in mixed-sex physical education and swimming lessons. In total, however, 7 percent of Muslim girls do not attend mixed-sex swimming lessons provided and 10 percent do not take part in school trips. A policy of integration is still required here.
  • Low degree of organisation among Muslims: Only approx. 20 percent of Muslims belong to religious organisations and congregations. Less than 25 percent of Muslims feel represented without restriction by one of the Islamic associations in the DIK.
  • Desire for Islamic religious instruction very widespread among Muslims: 76 percent of Muslims and 84 percent of Sunnis call for the introduction of Islamic religious instruction in state schools.


Summary - "Muslime life in Germany"

Study - "Muslime life in Germany"

DIK-editorial team, 26.06.2009

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